Self-efficacy: essence and the application in teacher preparation and development

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Department of Education Khorasan Razavi

Abstract

Self-efficacy is an internal belief that protects teachers in confronting psychological problems and physical diseases caused by teaching stresses. Inadequate understanding of Iranian researchers from theoretical issues of teacher self-efficacy, existence ambiguities in some of theoretical bases of the construct and neglecting the practical aspect of this construct in the professional development of our country teachers caused the researcher firstly to provide a correct and profound understanding of the nature of teacher self-efficacy by clarifying some of the theoretical challenges related to this construct and secondly, explain the practical uses of teacher self-efficacy in education. The present paper, by reviewing various studies and using the analytical-descriptive method, has shown that designing and implementing efficacy-based preparation programs at Farhangian Teacher Education University (FTEU) can guarantee the future professional competencies of teacher students. Also, the implementation of efficacy-based professional development programs for in-service teachers, through mid-career training, caused teachers empowerment and prevent their burnout

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